# /Segment18

#### To Calculate

1. Random points i are chosen uniformly on a circle of radius 1, and their <math>(x_i,y_i)</math> coordinates in the plane are recorded. What is the 2x2 covariance matrix of the random variables <math>X</math> and <math>Y</math>? (Hint: Transform probabilities from <math>\theta</math> to <math>x</math>. Second hint: Is there a symmetry argument that some components must be zero, or must be equal?)

2. Points are generated in 3 dimensions by this prescription: Choose <math>\lambda</math> uniformly random in <math>(0,1)</math>. Then a point's <math>(x,y,z)</math> coordinates are <math>(\alpha\lambda,\beta\lambda,\gamma\lambda)</math>. What is the covariance matrix of the random variables <math>(X,Y,Z)</math> in terms of <math>\alpha,\beta,\text{ and }\gamma</math>? What is the linear correlation matrix of the same random variables?